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Reframing the One Health Approach: Observations from One Health Programs in Southeast Asia

Nearly two decades since its inception, the ‘One Health’ approach, which recognizes the interconnectedness of human, animal, and environmental health, with the goal of tackling intricate health challenges through collaborative efforts across sectors, has been associated with combating infectious diseases and their impact on human health.

However, to truly achieve One Health’s goal of optimal health outcomes for all, we must broaden our perspective. Using Indonesia, Thailand, and Vietnam as case studies, this report explores how the different sectors, particularly the environment, is factored into the following four important one health topics: antimicrobial resistance (AMR), zoonotic disease, vector-borne disease, and food security.