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Vital Stories

Research Roundup July and August

Vital Strategies periodically reviews major research journals for newly published papers related to our public health priorities. Our Research Roundup shares the most insightful and important papers to help our partners stay abreast of advances and trends in global health practice.

Some highlights from our July and August 2019 roundups:

  • A study in the Bulletin of the World Health Organization found that the completeness of birth registration in South Africa improved markedly from 1996 to 2008: In 1996, an estimated 25% of births were registered during the calendar year of birth (and 33% by the end of the following year). In 2008, 76% of birth were registered during the same calendar year and 84% by the end of the following year. The improvements were seen in all provinces.
  • A special report in the New England Journal of Medicine details the ongoing Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo, and an article in BMJ reported on the rise in deaths from measles, malaria and cholera in DRC as a result of the resources going to Ebola.
  • A study in Tobacco Control conducted in China’s Yunnan province found that parents and educators maintain positive attitudes toward the tobacco industry and believe that indirect marketing activities under the guise of corporate social responsibility do not have an impact on children.

If you have a study to suggest for the next roundup, please send the citation to

Research Roundup July through August 2019


Alves, Lise. Honduras’s Worst Dengue Outbreak in 50 YearsThe Lancet 394, no. 10196 (August 3, 2019): 371.

Arie, Sophie. Congo Sees Rise in Deaths from Malaria, Measles, and Cholera as Ebola Outbreak Swallows up Resources. BMJ 366 (July 3, 2019): l4522.

Ilunga Kalenga O, Moeti M, Sparrow A, Nguyen V-K, Lucey D, Ghebreyesus TA. The Ongoing Ebola Epidemic in the Democratic Republic of Congo. New England Journal of Medicine. 2019 Jul 25;381(4):373–83.


Casado, L., J. F. Thrasher, C. Perez, L. C. Santos Thuler, and G. T. Fong. Factors Associated with Quit Attempts and Smoking Cessation in Brazil: Findings from the International Tobacco Control Brazil Survey. Public Health 174 (July 27, 2019): 127–33.

Fang, Jennifer, Gonghuan Yang, and Xia Wan. ‘Pro-Tobacco Propaganda’: A Case Study of Tobacco Industry-Sponsored Elementary Schools in China. Tobacco Control, July 13, 2019.

Guindon GE, Paraje GR, Chaloupka FJ. Association of Tobacco Control Policies With Youth Smoking Onset in Chile. JAMA Pediatr. 2019 Jun 10;

Tan, Andy S. L., Samir Soneji, Meghan Bridgid Moran, and Kelvin Choi. JUUL Labs’ Sponsorship and the Scientific Integrity of Vaping Research. The Lancet 394, no. 10196 (August 3, 2019): 366–68.


Astrup, Arne, Hanne CS Bertram, Jean-Philippe Bonjour, Lisette CP de Groot, Marcia C. de Oliveira Otto, Emma L. Feeney, Manohar L. Garg, et al. WHO Draft Guidelines on Dietary Saturated and Trans Fatty Acids: Time for a New Approach? BMJ 366 (July 3, 2019): l4137.

Chen, Simiao, Nikkil Sudharsanan, Feng Huang, Yuanli Liu, Pascal Geldsetzer, and Till Bärnighausen. Impact of Community Based Screening for Hypertension on Blood Pressure after Two Years: Regression Discontinuity Analysis in a National Cohort of Older Adults in China. BMJ 366 (July 11, 2019): l4064.

Flint, Alexander C., Carol Conell, Xiushui Ren, Nader M. Banki, Sheila L. Chan, Vivek A. Rao, Ronald B. Melles, and Deepak L. Bhatt. Effect of Systolic and Diastolic Blood Pressure on Cardiovascular Outcomes. New England Journal of Medicine 381, no. 3 (July 18, 2019): 243–51.


Chazelas, Eloi, Bernard Srour, Elisa Desmetz, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot, Chantal Julia, Valérie Deschamps, Nathalie Druesne-Pecollo, et al. Sugary Drink Consumption and Risk of Cancer: Results from NutriNet-Santé Prospective Cohort. BMJ 366 (July 10, 2019): l2408.

Reynolds, J. P., S. Archer, M. Pilling, M. Kenny, G. J. Hollands, and T. M. Marteau.Public Acceptability of Nudging and Taxing to Reduce Consumption of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Food: A Population-Based Survey Experiment. Social Science & Medicine (1982)236 (September 2019): 112395..


Salehi, Masoud, Tofigh Mobaderi, Mohammadreza Mehmandar, and Afsaneh Dehnad.Identifying Developmental Trajectories of Worldwide Road Traffic Accident Death Rates Using a Latent Growth Mixture Modeling Approach. PLOS ONE 14, no. 2 (February 20, 2019): e0212402.


Schacht, Caroline De, Cláudia Mutaquiha, Felicidade Faria, Georgina Castro, Nélia Manaca, Ivan Manhiça, and James Cowan. Barriers to Access and Adherence to Tuberculosis Services, as Perceived by Patients: A Qualitative Study in Mozambique.PLOS ONE 14, no. 7 (July 10, 2019): e0219470.


Wilding, John P. H., Vicki Mooney, and Richard Pile. Should Obesity Be Recognised as a Disease? BMJ 366 (July 17, 2019): l4258.


Nannan, Nadine, Robert Dorrington, and Debbie Bradshaw. Estimating Completeness of Birth Registration in South Africa, 1996 – 2011. Bulletin of the World Health Organization97, no. 7 (July 1, 2019): 468–76.